What Causes Microblisters on GRP Bodywork and How it Can Be Prevented in Future. Is it a Peculiarity of Fibreglass in Damp Conditions?

microblistersWe spoke to paint specialists at Western Spray of Crediton, Devon. They advised that microblistering is always a result of moisture that was already present in the primer coat or undercoat, regardless of the material the car’s made of or the paint system used. It can remain sequestered within the primer for years without harm – but as soon as the right conditions come together, it’s forced out and causes blisters in the top coat. If you pop a fresh blister, you’ll find it’s damp inside.

The trapped moisture is usually a result of painting in conditions of high humidity or because it was not allowed to dry sufficiently after wet-flatting. Looking and feeling dry isn’t quite enough. Historically, some paint manufacturers used china clay as a filler material in primers and undercoats, and this was especially problematic due to its hygroscopic properties.

Sadly, rectification will involve stripping the top coat off. In theory, if the old primer is exposed in this way and then dried off, it can be painted over safely – but you may wish to start afresh, given the time and money involved.

Discussion
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6 Responses to “What Causes Microblisters on GRP Bodywork and How it Can Be Prevented in Future. Is it a Peculiarity of Fibreglass in Damp Conditions?”
  1. Denis

    What grades of sandpaper and wet and dry would you recommend to remove microblisters on a grp body?

    Reply
    • Chris

      I’m particularly interested in this as I have a TVR awaiting my amateur repainting. I believe it’s better to only dry sand as moisture is also absorbed by the GRP itself. Also use good moisture traps if using a compressor system and spray in warm, dry conditions. As always, prevention is better than cure.

      Reply
  2. Clive

    When the articles says ” if the old primer is exposed in this way and then dried off” ..how should it be dried off ?

    Reply
    • Ralf S.

      If it’s indoors and warm then just leave the primer exposed to the air for 24 hours. If the vehicle is outdoors, park it in a sunny spot so the body gets hot. If conditions are cool and you want to help it along, you can heat the body with a hair dryer or a paint stripping gun (obviously don’t burn off the primer…). Don’t leave the car anywhere wet or damp whilst the primer is not 100% dried off.

      Reply
  3. Jim Barry

    Blistering also occurs in GRFP if air bubbles are close to the surface of the gel coat or when repairs are made using filler. These heat up and burst in strong sunlight or very warm conditions such as a paint oven. My first job at Lotus Cars was to identify these air pockets, burst them with a knife and have them refilled before painting

    Reply
  4. Richard

    I have this issue with my Lotus Excel. It has got worse rapidly in the last 18 months, no doubt due to being parked outside rather than garaged as previously. It just seems to be the clear lacquer on top that is blistering. I’d appreciate a simple fix that will make the car look acceptable at 10 yards – this is a driver, not a show car – but that will stop it getting any worse.

    Reply